Do condoms expire? How long do condoms last?

Steve Silvestro, MD - Contributor Avatar

Written by Alison Dalton 

Steve Silvestro, MD - Contributor Avatar

Written by Alison Dalton 

last updated: Apr 21, 2021

3 min read

All condoms expire at some point. How long they last depends on what they're made of and how you store them. Unlike other contraceptives, most condoms can protect you from both unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The exception is natural condoms made from lambskin or sheepskin, which don’t protect against STIs.

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Different kinds of condoms

There are three main types of condom materials: latex, synthetic, and natural (Mahdy, 2020).

  • Latex condoms are made from natural rubber. About 80% of condoms on the market are latex.

  • Synthetic (non-latex) condoms are made from polyurethane or polyisoprene. Synthetic condoms are an option if you’re allergic to latex. About 15% of condoms are made of synthetic materials (Greenberg, 2017).

  • Lambskin/sheepskin (natural) condoms are made from lamb or sheep intestinal membrane. They account for the remaining 5% of the condom market. Bear in mind that, unlike the other types of condoms, lambskin and sheepskin condoms don’t protect against STIs, like HIV/AIDS.

You can also find condoms coated with a spermicide, usually nonoxynol-9. Although at first, this would seem like a good idea for providing double protection against unintended pregnancy, it's really not. Spermicide-coated condoms don't work any better than uncoated condoms to prevent pregnancy. They can even cause irritation and urinary tract infections in women. And they reduce the lifespan (the time before they expire) of condoms by up to two years (Mahdy, 2020).

When do different types of condoms expire?

The outside of every box of condoms and every individual condom wrapper has a stamp with an expiration date. Be sure to check the expiration date before you buy condoms.

Condoms have very different lifespans, depending on the material they’re made of and whether they have proper storage (Mahdy, 2020; National Coalition, 2021; FDA, 2020):

  • Latex condoms last for up to five years.

  • Polyurethane condoms last for up to five years.

  • Polyisoprene condoms last for up to three years.

  • Lambskin/sheepskin condoms last for up to one year.

These dates assume the condoms aren’t coated with spermicide—which, as mentioned, reduces their lifespan by about two years—and that they’re stored correctly.

Where should you keep condoms?

Heat, humidity, and direct sunlight can degrade both the condom wrapper and the condom, causing them to break down. So it's best to store condoms in a cool, dark, dry place, like a closet or drawer. Avoid keeping them in places that can get warm or humid, like your bathroom, wallet, or car. It's important to avoid exposing them to direct sunlight, like keeping them near a window.

Should you use different types of lube with different condoms?

It’s important to use the right kind of lube with different condom materials.

  • Latex—Use only water-based or silicone-based lubes (like K-Y Jelly, saliva, or glycerin). Don't use oil-based lubes with latex condoms. Oil-based lubes include baby oil, coconut oil, petroleum jelly (like Vaseline), most hand and body lotions, massage oil, mineral oil, edible oils, and whipped cream. Oil-based lubes can cause latex to tear.

  • Polyurethane—Use water-based or oil-based lubes. Don’t use silicone-based lubes—some types of silicone can break down polyurethane.

  • Polyisoprene—Use water-based or silicone-based lubes. Don’t use oil-based lubes. Polyisoprene is a synthetic rubber, and like latex, it can tear when used with oils. (However, it’s safe to use polyisoprene condoms if you have a latex allergy).

  • Lambskin/sheepskin—Use with any lube.

All of that might be a bit much to think about when you have something more urgent on your mind than comparison shopping—so it’s good to know that you can use water-based lubes with any type of condom.

How can you tell if a condom is still good?

In addition to checking the expiration date, you should always (National Coalition, 2021):

  • Check the wrapper for holes, rips, or tears.

  • Squeeze the wrapper. An air bubble should form, which tells you the wrapper is unopened.

  • Examine the unwrapped condom. Is it dry, brittle, stiff, or gooey? If so, throw it away.

What are the chances of getting pregnant when using a condom?

The chances of getting pregnant when using condoms have a lot to do with “perfect use” versus “typical use.” Perfect use is using condoms during and throughout every time you have penetrative sex. Typical use means failing to use condoms during every sexual encounter or not using them correctly—the kinds of mistakes that can happen in real life.

Male condom success rates (Marfatia, 2015):

  • Perfect use: 97% success rate (three women out of 100 will get pregnant)

  • Typical use: 86% success rate (14 women out of 100 will get pregnant)

Female (internal) condom success rates (Planned Parenthood):

  • Perfect use: 95% success rate (five women out of 100 will get pregnant)

  • Typical use: 79% success rate (21 women out of 100 will get pregnant)

Condom slippage or breakage is rare, but it’s been reported in 2% of cases (Mahdy, 2020).

Should you use an expired condom if nothing else is available?

Suppose you have no other form of protection available. In that case, a condom that's passed its expiration date is better than nothing. But remember that using an expired condom is putting you at risk for pregnancy and STIs. To avoid those risks, you're better off engaging in other types of sex that don't require a condom, like mutual masturbation.


If you have any medical questions or concerns, please talk to your healthcare provider. The articles on Health Guide are underpinned by peer-reviewed research and information drawn from medical societies and governmental agencies. However, they are not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment.

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Every article on Health Guide goes through rigorous fact-checking by our team of medical reviewers. Our reviewers are trained medical professionals who ensure each article contains the most up-to-date information, and that medical details have been correctly interpreted by the writer.

Current version

April 21, 2021

Written by

Alison Dalton

Fact checked by

Steve Silvestro, MD

About the medical reviewer

Dr. Steve Silvestro is a board-certified pediatrician and Associate Director, Clinical Content & Education at Ro.